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Research 2019-11-06T09:49:26+00:00

Leaving the War on Terror

This report offers an account of the failures of current counter-terrorism policies, an analysis of the reasons why they do not work and an outline of a progressive alternative that we hope will be the basis for a future Labour government’s approach.

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The Prevent strategy and the UK ‘war on terror’: embedding infrastructures of surveillance in Muslim communities

The Prevent policy was introduced in the UK in 2003 as part of an overall post 9/11 counter-terrorism approach (CONTEST), with the aim of preventing the radicalisation of individuals to terrorism. In 2015, the Prevent policy became a legal duty for public sector institutions, and as such, its reach has extended much deeper into society.

This article, based on ongoing ethnographic fieldwork—including interviews, focus groups and participant observations—seeks to uncover and analyse the function of surveillance at the heart of the Prevent strategy. Contrary to official denials, surveillance forms an essential feature of the Prevent strategy. It regards radicalisation as part of an overall conveyor belt to terrorism, and thus attempts to control the future by acting in the present.

The article shows how the framing of the terror threat in the ‘war on terror’, as an ‘Islamic threat’, has afforded a surveillance infrastructure, embedded into Muslim communities, which has securitised relations with local authorities. Its intelligence products, as well as the affective consequences of surveillance, have served to contain and direct Muslim political agency. Such an analysis uncovers the practice of Islamophobia at the heart of the Prevent strategy, which accounts for its surveillance tendencies.

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Blurred lines and false dichotomies: Integrating counterinsurgency into the UK’s domestic ‘war on error’

Liverpool John Moores University, Critical Social Policy

The UK’s counter-terrorism strategy (CONTEST) seeks to pursue individuals involved in suspected terrorism (‘Pursue’) and seeks to minimise the risk of people becoming ‘future’ terrorists by employing policies and practices structured to pre-emptively incapacitate and socially exclude them(‘Prevent’).

This article demonstrates that this two-pronged approach is based on a framework of counterinsurgency; a military doctrine used against non-state actors that encourages, amongst other things, the blanket surveillance of populations and the targeting of propaganda at them. The use of counterinsurgency theory and practice in the UK’s ‘war on terror’ blurs the distinction between Pursue and Prevent, coercion
and consent, and, ultimately, civilian and combatant. This challenges the liberal claim that counter-terrorism policies, especially Prevent, are about social inclusivity or ‘safeguarding’ and that the UK government is accountable to the people.

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students not suspects

Dealing with PREVENT-related pressure

PREVENT is a reality on all of our campuses.
It shapes much of our engagement with our institutions, in particular our ability to hold events and run campaigns.
This briefing provides some guidance on how to deal with PREVENT infringing on our right to organise and being used to clamp down on events.

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nhs countering terrorism

Counter-terrorism in the NHS – University of Warwick

On a home visit to a family, a healthcare professional noticed a child sitting in front of an Arabic televised news channel. There were also Arabic reading materials lying around. The family were reported to social care as a potential case of radicalisation. The case did not reach Channel.

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psychiatrists

Counter-terrorism and psychiatry

Predicting very rare events is extremely difficult. No tools have been developed that can reliably identify people who have been radicalised, who are at risk of radicalisation or who are likely to carry out a terrorist act. Assessment of risk is therefore best done on a case-by-case basis, as part of professional safeguarding practices.

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NUS Experience of Muslim Students

The Experience of Muslim Students in 2017-18

80 per cent of ISoc president respondents agreed or strongly agreed that the Prevent duty has had a negative impact on their society, with some commenting a decline in membership due to concerns of surveillance by authorities.

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global cve

The globalisation of Countering Violent Extremism policies

Our research suggests that the most problematic elements of CVE frameworks are indeed being transposed and adopted uncritically. Deeply flawed, problematic and controversial policies are being globalised, sanitised and presented as highly effective best practice and – despite the lack of evidence to support their global take-up – then backed with substantial amounts of funding and technical assistance.

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House-of-Commons-logo

Joint Committee on Human Rights

We repeat our previous call for an independent review of the Prevent policy in our report on Counter-Extremism; we consider any such review should include an assessment of the Prevent duty’s effectiveness in Higher Education and its impact on freedom of speech and association.

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nus preventing prevent

NUS: Preventing Prevent

An atmosphere thick with anxiety hangs over Muslim communities, whilst the chilling effect of Prevent is felt throughout academia and organising spaces alike. With Prevent, there is no space spared from the spectre of state surveillance. Under the guise of ‘countering extremism’, it has been embedded across society, spanning our nurseries, schools and colleges, through to GPs and prisons – seeping into the immigration system and even the home. Prevent emerged in, fed off, and in turn nourished an expansion in anti-Muslim racism to strengthen the state’s hand and amass more powers of repression.

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Cage we are completely independent

“We are Completely Independent”

Over the past five years, the Home Office and a secretive government department called RICU, the Research, Information and Communications Unit, has been cultivating a network of ‘grass roots’ Muslim voices to promote ‘counter-narratives’ to combat the appeal of ‘extremist narratives’ among Britain’s young people. All of this is taking place with no public debate or oversight.

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cage the science of pre-crime

The ‘science’ of pre-crime: The secret ‘radicalisation’ study underpinning PREVENT

This CAGE report, details for the first time how the government produced these factors in secret, and subsequently relied on an evidence base that was not only unproven, but extended far beyond its original remit. Key among our findings, is the admission by those who wrote the study, that they did not factor political grievance into the modelling, a fact they say was, “perhaps an omission”.

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Eroding Trust

Eroding Trust: The UK’s Prevent Counter-Extremism Strategy in Health and Education

Open Society Justice Initiative publication: The report concludes that the strategy creates a serious risk of human rights violations and is also counterproductive. It argues that its application in schools, colleges, and healthcare institutions is damaging trust: between teachers and students; between doctors and patients; and between the police and members of the UK’s Muslim community, whose support is an essential element of counterterrorism efforts.

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Preventing Education

The Prevent strategy as currently structured and implemented is untenable. The strategy in this country’s schools needs to be abolished, and the government needs to reconsider how it approaches preventing terrorism.

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cage prevent cradle to grave

The prevent strategy: a cradle to grave police-state

Prevent has now intruded so far into the affairs of the Muslim community that members of that community are virtually living under a police-state. From one’s early years GP, to the school one attends, to the mosque where one lies before burial, Prevent is now with a Muslim from beginning to end./p>

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NUS Prevent Fact Sheet

Prevent: Dividing communities and threatening civil liberties

Muslims are widely represented as a threat. Tis has led to a rising tide of racism. Prevent only reinforces this narrative. Hostility towards Muslims extends
beyond Europe. Te US presidential candidate, Donald Trump, wants to ban Muslims from entering the US. Islamophobic hate-crime is rising, particularly against Muslim women.

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